Pruszków

Borough of Pruszków, Pruszków District, Mazowieckie Voivodship

Type of place

Currently the Lipowa Ostoja estate is standing on the site of the graves.

Information about the crime

The largest place of executions and mass burials in Pruszków were so-called clay pits near the brickyard. In 1939-1945 several hundred Christians, Jews and foreigners were meant to be killed there. It has been established that the majority of the victims came from the ghetto in Otwock and the surrounding villages. Their bodies were buried in ditches, in the place of the execution. After the war exhumations were conducted. Out of approx. 800 victims, however, only approx. 58 were exhumed and moved to the parish cemetery. It can be assumed that the vast majority of the bodies remained within the clay pits area. Already in 1945, in the Questionnaire about mass executions and mass graves it was noted that the graves – estimated to be in several dozen – were difficult to find. They were single graves and those in which several dozen people were buried in layers. (IPN GK 163/45)

One name out of hundreds of victims was preserved. On 15 April 1943 Anna Tambeli was taken into care by the Tomaszewski family. She was a daughter of a Jewish woman. “Because Germans from the SS didn’t find her home, they left a note that she would need to come forward. She went to the police station on her own and they never let her out. After the exhumation her body was moved to Zbikowo. She got a bullet in the back of her head. In the clay pits they were shooting Jews – children and adults.” (IPN BU 2448/1007)

In January 2017 we wrote down the memories of Jan W. (a resident of Pruszków born in 1932). According to him, there were many places of executions in Pruszków but the brickyard was the largest one.

After the war the area of the clay pits was exploited and in 2017 the Lipowa Ostoja estate was built there.

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Identification of the grave based on research

 

 

Sources

Contact and cooperation

We are still looking for information on the identity of the victims and the location of Jewish graves in Pruszków. If you know something more, write to us at the following address: fundacjazapomniane@gmail.com.

 

Bibliography

Resource of the Zapomniane Foundation, written memories of Mr. Jan [b. 1932], resident of Pruszków, 15 January 2017.

IPN BU 2448/1004, Questionnaires of the Chief Commission for the Examination of German Crimes in Poland and the Regional Commission for the Examination of German Crimes in Warsaw, collected in 1968-1972.

Questionnaires regarding warszawskie province – XV, powiat Pruszków: questionnaires.

IPN BU 2448/1007, Questionnaires of the Chief Commission for the Examination of German Crimes in Poland and the Regional Commission for the Examination of German Crimes in Warsaw, collected in 1968-1972. Questionnaires regarding warszawskie province – XV. Pruszków district: questionnaires.

IPN GK 163/45, Questionnaire. Executions. Graves. Warszawskie province, volume V, Questionnaires about mass executions and mass graves – warszawskie province.

IPN GK 163/62, Questionnaire. Executions. Graves. Warszawskie province, volume II, Questionnaires about mass executions and mass graves – warszawskie province.

The register of sites and crimes committed by the Germans in Poland between 1939 and 1945. Warszawskie Capital Province, Warsaw 1988, p. 243-248.

Two cards from the thematic file of the Chief Commission for the Examination of German Crimes in Poland.