Opole Lubelskie

Borough of Opole Lubelskie, Opole District, Lubelskie Voivodship

Type of place

The Jewish cemetery in Opole Lubelskie.

Information about the crime

A Jewish closed district in Opole was created in 1940. In the spring of 1941 the amount of Jews crowded in the Opole ghetto reached 9000 people. In the ghetto not only Jews from the Lubelskie Voivodship were held but also those from Austria and Czechoslovakia. In the spring of 1943 forty Jews were murdered in Opole Lubelskie – probably they were prisoners from the Opole ghetto. Their bodies were buried on the Jewish cemetery in Opole Lubelskie.

“An eyewitness (a woman) in Opole Lubelskie saw an execution of approx. 40 people of Jewish nationality. Among them they were men (the majority), women and children. Jewish people taken out of their homes were hurried like cattle to the cemetery, placed in front of a ditch and shot. After the execution the victimes were buried by more Jews – and those ones in turn by Poles. There were many executions like that in this town. I can’t even count the number of individual shootings.” (OKL/Ds. 5/71/Op)

 

Identification of the grave based on research

On the 18th of February 2015 a local vision at the Jewish cemetery in Opole Lubelskie was carried out without a present of the witness. Potential locations of single and mass war graves were indicated (GPS: 1. N51°08.700′ E021°57.411′2. N51°08.704′ E021°57.377′ 3. N51°08.711′ E021°57.344′).

No GPR surveys were conducted.

An aerial photography query was ordered, which resulted in the acquisition of three photographs dated 17th of October 1944 and two dated 6th of December 1944. Interpretation of the photographs indicated numerous grave disturbances in the southern, eastern and northern parts of the cemetery. There are clearly visible three depressions in the ground in the southern part of cemetery. Furthermore, numerous ground disturbances of various formats in the eastern-central and eastern-northern parts, located behind the line of the trenches inside the cemetery, are visible. There are large dunes in the central part of the cemetery which are reflecting the sunlight and that makes the interpretation difficult. There are visible vehicles parked on a street located at the southern border of the cemetery.

 

The LIDAR survey indicates numerous ground disturbances in this location. A trench can be seen along the western border and numerous ground disturbances of irregular shapes in the south, central and northern parts.

Sources

Contact and cooperation

We are still looking for information on the identity of the victims and the location of Jewish graves in Opole Lubelskie. If you know something more, write to us at the following address: fundacjazapomniane@gmail.com.

Bibliography

Ewa Śmiech, “Komisja Rabiniczna ds. Cmentarzy z wizytą w Opolu Lubelskim”, Opolanin, informational-journalistic newspaper, 2(249), 2015, p. 10.

Śmiech E. i Jastrzębski K., “Getto w Opolu Lubelskim” [in:] Bunt, January-February 2011.

Śmiech E., “Dokumenty z opolskiego getta najwięcej mówią o tragicznej przeszłości…” [in:] Bunt, September-October 2012.

OKL/Ds. 5/71/Op, Execution card.