Skroda Wielka

Borough of Grabowo, Kolno District, Podlaskie Voicodhip

Type of place

A forest

Information about the crime

In July 2017 in Skroda Wielka we were looking for information about a Jewish man who was killed in Skroda in February 1943 by military policemen from the police station in Grabowo. This fact was mentioned in the Register of Crime Places and Facts from 1985. He was probably a resident of Skroda Wielka. The same document recalls the murder of Stanisław Białowąs, a 24-year-old tailor, by military policemen from Stawiska committed in Skroda Wielka in September 1944. (The Register of Crime Places and Facts, Łomża Voivodship, p. 188.)

A resident of Skroda Wielka told us the following story: “There was a Jew in Skroda, [he was] a tailor. He was walking and they killed him. He didn’t have any papers. Two of them were travelling, Wacek Skrodzki and this Jew. Skrodzki showed some tax paperwork but the Jew had nothing and that’s why they killed him and buried him in the woods. He’s buried somewhere there in the forest. Two military policemen were riding horses, they wanted to see papers, the Jew had nothing and he got a bullet in the head. A wooden fence was made but after so many years…” (Skroda Wielka, 15 August 2017.)

Another resident (born in 1937) gave the following account of the event: “They went to get some wood with Wacek, they told them to show their papers, he showed the document [stating] that he was a farmer so they let him go but they killed [the Jew] immediately. There were hollows there so they threw him in a hollow next to a conifer, near the road. The hollows had been [made] to store potatoes. There is still a sign but overgrown now. Iciek Białowąs he was called. We hid many [Jews] here, in our house there were two families of tailors hiding.” (Skroda Wielka, 15 August 2017.)

The murder of a man called Białowąs was recalled by the eyewitness, Wacław S., with whom Białowąs was going back to the village on that tragic day. The testimony from 1 August 1972 (S 25/67): “I’d like to mention that on that critical day I went with Białowąs in a cart to the forest. When we were going back and almost reached the village, about 500-600 metres from the village we were stopped by military policemen. It was in the afternoon. The military policemen asked us for our documents. I had my ID [on me] but Białowąs had his in a house in the village. He came from Ławsko but he lived in Skroda where he worked as a tailor. We asked the military policemen to go to the village and check Białowąs’s documents [there.] But they didn’t want to do it. A moment later the policeman who was accompanying Kulasko hit Białowąs in the head with the butt of his rifle. Kulasko ordered him to shoot Białowąs. He spoke German but I guessed the meaning of his words because Białowąs was shot immediately. I was a couple of metres away from Białowąs because we were sitting together on the cart. Białowąs was hit in the head. He died on the spot. The military policemen ordered me to get off the cart and bury Białowąs with my hands. […] When Białowąs’s body was almost buried, the policeman who had shot him shot once again, hitting the body in the stomach. […] Shortly after, the wife of the murdered man unearthed his body and moved him to their house. Then she buried him on the cemetery.”

A testimony from 13 February 1971, S. 25/67: “In the forest in Skroda German military policemen murdered a tailor from Skroda Wielka. Apparently he was called Białowąs.
I heard he was shot only because he did not have his papers on him.”

None of the witnesses quoted above who testified in 1970s mentioned tailor Białowąs’s Jewish heritage. We can guess that in Skroda Wielka two similar events took place: the murder of Polish tailor Stanisław Białowąs and the murder of a Jew of an unknown name. Perhaps the circumstances of both murders were similar, perhaps the murdered Jew was also a tailor. It is difficult to answer these questions with data we possess. It is sound to conclude, however, that murdered Stanisław Białowąs and the Jewish man were two different people.

During the site inspection in August 2017 one of the residents of Skroda showed us an approximate location of the burial of the man who was meant to be the Jewish tailor. Students from a local school used to look after the grave after the war. Establishing the precise location of the grave would require conducting a thorough non-invasive field research.

Apart from the murder of a Jewish man in Skroda Wielka, the Register holds an information about Jewish woman and man having been killed in Skroda Wielka between 1941 and 1944. There is no information about the place of burial.

“In the same forest military policemen murdered two young Jews (a woman and a man.) They were an engaged couple. I saw their bodies lying in the forest as soon as the policemen left. They were 20-30 years old.” (A testimony from 13 February 1971, S 25/67.)

 

Sources

Contact and cooperation

We are still looking for information on the identity of the victims and the location of Jewish graves in Skroda Wielka. If you know something more, write to us at the following address: fundacjazapomniane@gmail.com.

Bibliography

Recording of the Zapomniane Foundation (audio file), name: lack of data [witness to the story], b. [lack of data], place of residence: Skroda Wielka, subject and keywords: Jewish graves in Skrodza Wielka, interviewed by Agnieszka Nieradko, Skroda Wielka, 15 August 2017.

Recording of the Zapomniane Foundation (audio file), name: lack of data [witness to the story], b. 1937, place of residence: Skroda Wielka, temat i słowa klucze: subject and keywords: Jewish graves in Skrodza Wielka, interviewed by Agnieszka Nieradko, Skroda Wielka, 15 August 2017.

DS 25/67, Files on the crime of German gendarmes from the police station in Stawiska, Kolno district, 1941, p. 2 and 3, 12-14.

The register of sites and crimes committed by the Germans in Poland between 1939 and 1945, łomżyńskie province, Warsaw 1985, p. 188.


In appreciation to the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany (Claims Conference) for supporting this research project. Through recovering the assets of the victims of the Holocaust, the Claims Conference enables organizations around the world to provide education about the Shoah and to preserve the memory of those who perished.