PułtuskBorough of Pułtusk, Pułtusk District, Mazowieckie Voivodship
Type of placeMeadows
Information about the crime
In the spring of 1940 in Popławy, on the suburbs of Pułtusk, approx. 100 people were murdered (between 90 and 120 people) – Poles and Jews. Their bodies were buried at the place of execution, 300 metres from the road from Pułtusk to Psary, near the swamp. A grave measuring 5-9 metres long was dug in a large gorge. The victims came from Jabłonna and Legionowo. Among them there were also people captured on the customs border which existed in the southern part of the Pułtusk District. (IPN GK 163/44)
The murder of a group of Jews committed in 1940 in Popławy was also recalled by the scouts report (Alert Harcerski). The note was accompanied by a drawing made by the scouts which includes an approximate location of the common grave.
Since the autumn of 1939 the Popławy estate served as the site of mass murders of the local population. The same scouts report mentioned a murder of 150 Jews who were ushered to the place of torment from the direction of Wyszków. The victims were placed in groups on a hill and shot to death. Their common grave is meant to be located on the hill, 100 metres away from the left bank of the Narew river, on the other side of Pułtusk. Its approximate location can also be seen on the drawing. (IPN GK 195/XV/210)
The Register of crimes and killing sites also noted that between 29 September 1939 and the end of 1939 on the Popławy estate the German military police shot to death approx. 200 Jewish men, women and children. Their bodies were buried at the place of execution.
The place of the grave was marked with a wooden matzevah in 2020 as part of the project “Reference points – marking 24 Jewish war graves with wooden matzevot ” . The project is an attempt to find a way to mark these places before they can be commemorated. The action was aimed as an intervention in the landscape of these places, which would remind about what remains invisible, even if present in the memory of local communities.Being only a temporary commemoration, wooden matzevot invite local communities to discuss and take action, to discover the places, and perhaps to start their own memory practice related to them or to permanently commemorate them.
You can read more about the project here (English below):
The project was implemented thanks to funding from the Stowarzyszenie Żydowski Instytut Historyczny and The Matzevah Foundation.
Contact and cooperation
We are still looking for information on the identity of the victims and the location of Jewish graves in Pułtusk. If you know something more, write to us at the following address: email@example.com.
IPN GK 163/44, Questionnaire. Executions. Graves. Warszawskie province, volume IV, Questionnaires about mass executions and mass graves – warszawskie province.
IPN GK 195/XV/21, Scout alert.
The register of sites and crimes committed by the Germans in Poland between 1939 and 1945, Warsaw 1984, p. 73.