Krasnystaw

Borough of Krasnystaw, Krasnystaw District, Lubelskie Voivodship

Type of place

The Jewish cemetery in Krasnystaw.

Information about the crime

The Jewish cemetery in Krasnystaw is currently a part of a forest plot owned by the local Forest Inspectorate. During the World War II it was a place of torture of Christians and Jews. In 1946 Stanisław J. testified in front of the Municipal Court in Krasnystaw that between 1941 and 1943 he lived in a house located on the Jewish cemetery. During those two years military police every day brought several or several dozen people to the cemetery to kill them. Stanisław J. was forced to bury their bodies (IPN Gk 175/78). After conducting several site inspections on the cemetery and spending years on gathering recollections of town’s residents we still have not been able to establish where on the cemetery the common graves are located. In 1960s scouts from ZHP were interested in the wartime history of the cemetery. They still had an opportunity to talk to the eyewitnesses. This is a fragment of their notes: “After the Nazis entered our town in 1939 […] 18 people who supported the Soviet Union were taken to the Jewish cemetery next to the Borek forest and shot to death there. The same was done to Jews. Prisoners were bound with a wire. Jews dug the ditches which were covered with soil by Germans after the execution. In 1942 they captured a partisan. He was undressed, tied to a tree and beaten with whips and when he lost consciousness he was shot.” (GK 195/VIII/9) Approx. 500 people could have been killed on the Jewish cemetery in Krasnystaw. Some of them still rest in unnamed graves.

Identification of the grave based on research

During the local vision in the Jewish cemetery (GPS: N50°59’50.95″E23°11’10.97″) on the 25th of March 2015, the location of the war graves could not be determined. The vision took place without presence of the witness.

The LIDAR survey indicates affected areas in the central, northern and western parts of the cemetery.

An aerial photography query was conducted, resulting in acquisition of two photographs from 7th of September 1944 and 15 of September1944.

No GPR survey have been conducted.

Sources

Contact and cooperation

We are still looking for information on the identity of the victims and the location of Jewish graves in Krasnystaw. If you know something more, write to us at the following address: fundacjazapomniane@gmail.com.

Bibliography

IPN BU 2448/565 – regarding Jewish war graves in Krasnystaw.

GK 175/78 – regarding Jewish war graves in the city of Krasnystaw, files regarding crimes committed by German officers in the Krasnystaw district.

GK 195/VIII/9 – regarding Jewish war graves in Krasnystaw, Lublin province, krasnostawski district, volume VIII, issue 9.

IPN BU 2448/564 – regarding Jewish war graves in Krasnystaw.

IPN Lu 501/30, cards 40, 40v, 41, 41v, the former Regional Commission for the Examination of German Crimes in Lublin, Questionnaire of Places and Facts of German Crimes, Krasnystaw district.

The register of sites and crimes committed by the Germans in Poland between 1939 and 1945, chełmskie province, Warsaw 1986, p. 50.

Card of the Jewish cemetery in Krasnystaw at Rejowiecka street, ed. T. Twardowski, J. Kielboń, 1985.

History of the Jewish cemetery in Krasnystaw, ed. Lucyna Wyszyńska, 1981 (the text represents the data from the record cards of five matzevot or their fragments identified in 1981 at the mentioned cemetery).